It doesn't take much longer than an hour to reach the end of Journey, thatgamecompany's recent indie jaunt across the desert. On the surface, it's also a relatively lean game, stripped of all but the most basic interaction methods and never overtly thrusting a story in your face. In its seas of colour and its wordless narrative, it's a fabulous exercise in minimalism. At least, that's how it first appears.

In Journey, you walk, jump and play. You interact with the world by leaping or by singing at it, and you solve the game's few puzzles via experimentation, learning the rules of this land as you exist within it. There are no dramatic characters intoning long, expository dialogue sequences, and you won't find any diary entries bafflingly ripped out in chronological order. You uncover Journey's mystery simply by experiencing it.

An hour isn't long to unfurl the tale of an entire world, especially when much of that time is spent experimenting with its systems, sliding down sand dunes and singing to the co-op buddies who sometimes quietly drop into your game. And yet, Journey is infused with more character, more ideas and more meaning than any other recent release that springs to mind.

So: what does it all mean?

Journey screenshot

There are lots of theories, of course. It's that way by design. Journey's like a silent movie without any captions, and one in which the action on-screen is always faintly abstract, otherworldly and expressive. Or perhaps it's like a ballet, an aural and kinetic display of ideas, but one where you're not familiar with the source material. You come away with a thousand possible answers, but nothing to confirm your suspicions. You just know it was a hell of a show.

I've heard quite a few of these theories now. They range from the sensible to the surreal, from religious to scientific. I even had a discussion with a friend recently who was absolutely certain that Journey is a game about the nine months between conception and birth: he thought the ducking and diving fabric creatures represented sperm cells, the occasional enemies were threats of miscarriage, and the mountain - with that gaping opening at its peak - was the game's enormous vagina.

For what it's worth, I don't think Journey is a game about sperm and vaginas, but I do think it's a game about life. In fact, I think it's a game about quite a lot of things. I spent a couple of days after finishing Journey thinking about what it could all mean. Each time I came up with a theory, or heard someone else's, it seemed eminently plausible but still didn't quite seem to fit. That lightbulb moment, the one where it all clicks into place, stubbornly refused to arrive.

Journey screenshot

And then it did, and I settled on the theory I've stuck with. So here goes: Journey is a game about everything.

I do distinctly mean 'everything' rather than 'anything', too. While Journey was clearly intended to have its intricacies discussed and debated, I don't view it as a story without a specific meaning. The reason none of those individual interpretations seemed quite right on their own is because they function as part of a much larger picture - a microcosm of an entire universe, its past, its present and its future.

The most obvious of Journey's strands is the story of a civilisation, one that was built up from nothing but ultimately collapsed, leaving the starkly ruined landscape you see before you. This story is the one told in the abstractly animated cutscenes that bookend each chapter - the beautiful mural that scratches and paints itself as you watch, its symbols slowly growing into something more recognisable.

Why did this civilisation grow so huge, and why did it ultimately fail? These answers prove more elusive. We see what appears to be electricity flowing through a city's veins, and it seems to be brought to its knees by explosive blasts. There are hints at scientific advancement, and of war, which would make perfect sense given the content explored in the rest of the game.

Journey screenshot

There are very obvious religious overtones. At times the symbolism is enormous, with spiritual apparitions, Middle Eastern architecture and, in the game's closing moments, a joyous take on the rapture that sees you rise from your body, through the snow-filled clouds and into the beautiful blue skies above. After lingering on your dying moments for an uncomfortable length of time, Journey shakes things up, and the game turns out not to end with your death, but with your incredible reincarnation.

But while Journey is a game about religion, it's also a game about science. One of its other major themes is evolution: it's about species adapting to their environment, growing and changing, gaining new abilities as they fight for survival. This is the case with your own character - you begin the game without the ability to jump, and the distance you may do so develops over time, allowing you to rise to Journey's challenges. By the end, you find yourself in a place where the conditions are radically different - a blizzard-filled mountainous region, instead of a baking desert - and natural selection ostensibly writes you out of the story.

There are other visual cues to evolution, too. It might sound strange, but it's the fabric that's key. It begins as floating particles whose only ability is to increase the length of your own scarf. By the end they've become enormous floating dragons that transport you around the world, or coral-like formations that boost you skywards, allowing you access to areas you'd otherwise be unable to reach.

Journey is a game that operates on a macro and micro level simultaneously. So, while it's a game about evolution, it's also a game about simply growing up. You don't understand Journey's world when you first arrive in it. You learn by experimenting, by playing, and with the gentle guidance of others whom you don't always fully understand.

Journey screenshot

As you progress, you begin to understand them better. You meet more people. They all have slightly different ways of communicating - always through sound and movement, but in idiosyncratic styles - and you learn to recognise patterns. Meet someone late on in the game and you'll likely find yourself communicating effortlessly, guiding new players around the world or being tempted towards hidden secrets by more experienced journeyers. You've learnt the communication systems of this world. It's a game about language acquisition.

And it's a game, perhaps most significantly, about the inevitability that life will follow its own path. Of course Journey's society fell: it was inhabited by living, sentient beings, with all the flaws that come with such an existence. But along the way it birthed culture, and belief, and wonderful technology, the remnants of which you can see scattered around the retrospective showcase you experience as you jump, slide and glide your way through the game.

I might be wrong, naturally, but I hope I'm not - because I haven't played many games that tackle such a range of huge topics with this majestic confidence. Come to think of it, I haven't seen many films, or read many novels, for which I could say that either.

For something so starkly minimalist in its presentation, and a game without any dialogue, Journey is an extraordinary achievement: a game about life and death, and a tale that's both personal and vast in its scope. It's the story of existence, the enormous number of ways we interpret our lives, and the ways in which we react to those beliefs. Not bad for an hour-long game in which all you do is walk, jump and play.

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User Comments

angelinapari's Avatar


hello friends
if u like journey. u come to India for travelling. i have a small business in India. u come and visit here
Posted 08:45 on 25 July 2015
angelinapari's Avatar


hello friends
if u like journey. u come to India for travelling. i have a small business in India.
Posted 08:43 on 25 July 2015
mike32uk's Avatar


This is why I love video games. The subjectivity of the content matter in this game is art in its purest form,it inspires debate and differing opinions.

For me personally, the game represented life in its entirety. From beginning to end. The end light was transcendence after death.

Ok so what I kept coming back to was the goal to reach the top or the light, which I believe is a metaphor for the ultimate goals we all set for ourselves in life be it financially, fitness or family etc. But I think the most important theme that I connected with was, in that constant longing and searching for an end goal, we forget about what's truly important (or at least what should be)... the people around us (the Co op companions) and our own personal "journey". All of these beautiful things that we are just letting ourselves pass by because we are too fixated on that one ultimate goal.

We are all searching for something that we may not achieve until death and transcendence or may not even exist at all... True, pure happiness and peace.
Posted 02:15 on 24 July 2015
NPcomplete's Avatar


During some time I supported the "Last Journey" theory: you start the game right after you die (you begin near a graveyard), so you are in a kind of limbo and you have to reach the mountain to "get into the light" and gain a kind of transcendent state. You find some perils in the way, as it happens in many myths concerning this subject.

However, this interpretation doesn't explain each phase of the game. So recently I moved into another theory: the game represents your whole life until dead and afterlife. This interpretation lets you give some natural meaning to all game phases.

You begin as a "baby" in a vast mysterious area. You know nothing, not even how to move, so the game has to teach you the controls. When you reach the area where you can choose the chapter (the one with several doorways), you climb a short tower representing your infant size, and next you arrive to an area where you have to "build" a bridge over a series of ascending pillars. This bridge represents growing during your childhood. Later you reach a vast desert (childhood is exploring time) and eventually you arrive to a darker area with dusty winds and scary sounds coming from two towers. So you are a teenager: everything is confusing, everything looks dirtier, and you feel fear for the first time (even though there is no real danger there). It's the last time you'll grow in your life, and it's represented by two tall towers of different sizes (you have to climb both, the second one is higher). Next you have fun surfing downhill through the sand. You are young, you live on the edge, you are strong and beautiful (the visuals of this phase are beautiful). Most of time you just have to have fun, no real responsibilities. Eventually you fall into the dark tunnel, then you are an adult. Welcome to responsibilities, welcome to duties, life is not as easy as before. There are dangers out there and you have to be careful. Later you reach a high vertical tube where your goal is reaching the top. Ascending represents pursuing your life goals (job, money, having kids, doing some useful, or whatever). When you reach them (you reach the top), the white ascendent shows you your whole life until then, welcome to your retirement. Then you start to climb the mountain. You are retired and the sightseeing is great, but you are weaker than before and slow. Eventually your body falls on the mountain (you die), and then some kind of gods raise you to heaven, paradise, limbo, or whatever, where everything is beautiful and your last goal is reaching the light. Then you become a star and you come back to starting place of your journey, where you can begin a new game (reincarnate).

Anyway, I think Jenova Chen is laughing and having a lot of fun with these discussions. :-) And Joseph Campbell is also laughing from the white light.
Posted 11:37 on 03 April 2014


An interesting read. The thought of the conception to birth thing never crossed my mind until I read that!

I just felt that it was deliberately obtuse because that was the best way to ensure the player got their own message from the game and the resulting personal impression is stronger because of it.
Posted 14:46 on 12 April 2012

Game Stats

Release Date: 14/03/2012
Developer: thatgamecompany
Publisher: Sony Computer Entertainment
Genre: Adventure
No. Players: 1-2
Rating: PEGI 3+
Site Rank: 43 3
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